Owning an Electric Bike in Canada is easy. These vehicles are also known as power assisted bicycles, electric scooters, e-bikes and e-scooters, and the laws for them are very similar to a traditional bicycle. They require no license, plates or insurance to own or operate. In Canada, Power Assisted Bicycles are classified under Federal law and each province can make minor changes such as age requirements and each municipality can make changes as to where they are permitted to be used.
We have put together a list below to some useful links to Federal, Provincial and municipal government websites. Power Assisted Bicycles (electric bikes, electric scooters, e-bikes and e-scooters) are encouraged by all levels of Government in Canada.
Government of Canada – Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (Power Assisted Bicycles)
Province of Ontario – Frequently Asked Questions: Electric scooters, electric bicycles & e-bikes.
Ontario Ministry of Transportation – Legalities of electric bicycles, electric scooters & e-bikes
Province of Ontario – Highway Traffic Act
Province of Quebec – Rules for electric bicycles, electric scooters and ebikes
City of Ottawa – Ottawa City Cycling Plan
City of Montreal Police Services (English) – Power Assisted Bicycles